Oceanographer and National Geographic “Explorer-in-Residence” Sylia A. Earle made a bizarre claim about tuna on Twitter:
“Did you know that it takes 100,000 lbs. of plants to grow one lb. of tuna? A pound of chicken takes two pounds of plants!” Earle wrote in a tweet dated November 25.
We’re not sure where Earle learned math, but not only are her numbers wrong—her premise is faulty. None of our tuna is “grown” on farms the way the chicken she uses as an example is. All of our tuna is wild-caught, just as mankind has caught fish for eons. There is some experimentation in tuna aquaculture (you may have heard it called “tuna farming” or “tuna ranching”) but in those cases, tuna are fed small baitfish like sardines, herring, and anchovies, not plants. And the “feed conversion ratio”, which is the phrase farmers and ranchers use, is exponentially smaller than the 100,000-to-1 ratio Earle cites.
It’s possible that Earle gets the 100,000 number by counting not just everything tuna actually eat, but everything eaten by everything tuna actually eat, and everything eaten by everything eaten by everything tuna actually eat, and so on, all the way down the food chain to plankton. If you find this a confusing and odd choice, you’re not alone.
The fact is that, unlike the chicken in Earle’s inapt analogy, we don’t “feed” our wild-caught tuna anything in order to “grow” them. Mother Nature determines the tuna’s diet, not us, and they would eat what they eat whether or not we fished for them.
Today we give a well-deserved tip of the cap to the National Post’s Rex Murphy.
In a recent column that’s well worth the read, Murphy surveyed the spectacle that Greenpeace has become, charting how the organization has evolved from a scrappy, ideological underdog to what Murphy terms a “corporate [fundraising] brand” unto itself.
While Greenpeace used to be known for taking bold moves such as staging sit-ins at nuclear weapons testing grounds, Murphy writes, they now resort to protests directed at “gentle-minded, humane, risk-averse Western targets” in what amounts to “pure kabuki, [a] show without consequence.” Their goal: fundraising in an effort to replenish Greenpeace’s corporate coffers.
But while it’s encouraging to see Murphy call out Greenpeace after decades of childish antics, his voice remains a lonely one in the broader media.
The environmental press, in particular, can’t or won’t see what Murphy does, and indeed go out of their way to praise the accomplishments of Greenpeace, despite any evidence that their juvenile actions are having a positive impact on global sustainability efforts. In the world of canned tuna, for instance, the Greenpeace playbook is to make false claims about how tuna is sourced while refusing to join the global tuna industry in real sustainability dialogue. And where are the journalists asking Greenpeace to do an economic impact study for the highly inefficient, “throwback” pole and line methods they recommend for tuna fishing? How much more would a can of tuna cost for the families Greenpeace claims to be helping if tuna companies rolled back decades of technological progress?
And who in the press is asking how many more fishing boats, spending how many more man hours and burning how much more fuel, would be required to meet global seafood demand under Greenpeace’s preferred fishing policies? Has any reporter demanded that their patron saints of environmentalism do an environmental impact study of their own preferred policies?
When Greenpeace advocates for pole and line caught canned tuna, they’re also advocating for dramatically increasing the price—and carbon footprint—of one of the most nutritious and affordable foods available to Americans, plain and simple. And in a country that eats far less than half of the recommended amount of seafood suggested per week, giving in to Greenpeace’s policy prescription of catching fish one at a would be disastrous.
Rex Murphy deserves a round of applause for seeing through the rhetoric and theater of Greenpeace’s demands and for recognizing that the organization is nothing more than an elaborate fundraising scheme We hope the rest of the media follows his lead and starts to ask Greenpeace the tough questions about their prescriptions for tuna sustainability.
Those of us in the U.S. are not the only ones fed up with Greenpeace’s shenanigans.
All over the world, Greenpeace activists have trespassed and vandalized property — hanging banners, spray-painting graffiti, chaining themselves to buildings and equipment — to grab publicity and harass businesses and governments. Of course, these antics have done nothing to advance real solutions to the world’s problems. They’re just the same tired pranks repeated over and over.
The association said it regretted that Greenpeace “has not been able to express its goals and arguments in the discussion channels where the other agents in the fishing industry, ship owners, crew, industry, NGOs, consumers, women’s networks and other interested parties provide ideas and arguments.”
Cepesca also made clear that while the Spanish fishing industry is taking action to ensure that seafood is plentiful for generations to come, Greenpeace is doing nothing productive — even blowing off panels advising the European Commission on fisheries policies.
As one publication noted: “Given the recent incidents, Cepesca finds it regrettable that Greenpeace does not provide solutions and chooses the performance of vandalistic and illegal acts that only provide ‘media covers but no contributions to help improve the sustainability of the fishing activity.’”
How familiar that all sounds to us.
On this side of the ocean, we’ve also seen our fair share of Greenpeace blimps and protests that are meant to intimidate tuna companies and raise money from Greenpeace supporters. All the while refusing to sit at the table with legitimate sustainability organizations like International Seafood Sustainability Initiative, WWF and MSC to name a few.
Backlash is growing around the world for Greenpeace’s brand of ecoterrorism that is increasingly becoming stale and irrelevant.
Because his friends at Greenpeace told him it was so, food columnist Mark Bittman then told his readers that Fish Aggregating Devices used by tuna companies “kill countless numbers of [other] animals in their quest for cheap tuna.”
And then some of the top fishery scientists in the world, whose work is published by outlets like the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation, stepped up and noted that despite Bittman’s hyperbole, “catching young tuna around FADs does not necessarily result in overfishing. Additionally, [a] study finds that levels of non-tuna bycatch are comparable or less than in other industrial fisheries. [They then] argue that if certain bycatch problems can be solved, and if FAD fishing is properly monitored and managed, this method of fishing could be one of the most environmentally responsible.”
Food critic says tuna industry uses a method that kills countless critters and real life scientists say that method could be one of the most environmentally responsible. Who do you believe? The people who do the research or the guy who promotes Greenpeace without ever questioning what they tell him?
Keep in mind when scientists, in this case toxicologists, were surveyed, 96 percent said they believed Greenpeace overstates risks. So, there we have nearly 100 percent of the scientists surveyed saying Greenpeace “overstates risks,” which for most people means lies.
Let me put too fine a point on it… Greenpeace gets reporters and columnists who don’t ask tough questions to write about its various campaigns, ones who would not be likely to reach out to the top scientists in the field of tuna sustainability– even when writing about tuna sustainability. Then they take those articles and show their supporters how “well” their campaigns are doing and ask for more money to support said campaigns. But the campaigns never end; so just how “well” could they be doing? It’s a cycle that involves a lot of Green.
Reporters and columnists, don’t end up as a pawn in this cycle… or do… and just admit it.
It should come as no surprise that Greenpeace is trying to capitalize on Earth Day coverage to build visibility for its false attacks on canned tuna sustainability. After all, this eco-extremist group seizes every opportunity (no relevance needed) to repeat its baseless accusations about the health of tuna stocks used for canned tuna.
What is surprising are the lengths to which Greenpeace will say and do anything, including contradicting its own demands, using any media attention to rally its supporters to give money, signing more petitions and even hosting useless recipe contests.
Case in point. Greenpeace applauds Huffington Post’s unscientific attempt to portray canned tuna as a product that is high in CO2 emissions. Ironic from an organization that has spent a lot of time and money promoting carbon intensive pole-and-line tuna fishing as a sustainability panacea to replace the less carbon intensive tuna catch methods currently used today. In fact, pole-and-line fishing gear uses almost 300 percent more fuel than purse seine fisheries. Not to mention that pole-and-line fishing cannot meet the existing demand for tuna, which means denying millions of families access to an affordable, nutritious and ready-to-eat protein.
But hey, this is Greenpeace we’re talking about. Facts don’t matter, only self-promotion and fundraising — regardless of costs to the same environment it purports to save and those pesky humans who need healthy foods to survive.
It would be easy to dismiss IntraFish’s take on Greenpeace’s campaign against canned tuna as merely an opinion, everyone is entitled to one. That particular opinion ultimately suggests the marginalized activist group is likely to “permanently change” how tuna is harvested and sold (Another Win For Greenpeace, March 7, 2012).
But rather than take the easy way, perhaps it is more appropriate to ask IntraFish to actually investigate the very real and negative impact Greenpeace’s demands would have on American families’ diets if they ever came to fruition, while probing the group’s goals for ulterior motives and unintended consequences.
IntraFish quotes hyperbolic Greenpeace campaigners lauding retailers, who are bullied into submission, as “progressive, comprehensive and visionary” but does not do the homework that would expose a campaign that is short on facts and long on fundraising. Read Full Post »
Earlier this month, Greenpeace sought to remind its supporters that Taiwan’s pledge to better manage Pacific fisheries was full of hot air. How did it plan to do that? By launching a hot air balloon of course. Comically, however, wind prevented the balloon from actually flying. Perhaps that’s a metaphor for Greenpeace’s failure to launch serious reforms.
Let’s juxtapose the latest Greenpeace campaign with efforts undertaken by members of the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF). Months earlier, the ISSF analyzed research compiled by the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) Scientific Committee. And based on that rigorous scientific evidence, the ISSF developed recommendations to better manage tuna stocks, minimize bycatch and protect endangered species, including:
Complete closure of purse seine fishery in the Western and Central Pacific Oceans (WCPO);
Stop all transactions with purse seine vessels that transship at-sea to minimize illegal, unreported and unauthorized (IUU) fishing activities;
Adopt a limited entry, closed-vessel registry to reduce the number of fishing vessels to a level that is commensurate with the productivity of the WCPO fisheries; and
Prohibit deliberate purse seine setting around whale sharks, as well as, adopt mitigation measures for oceanic white tip sharks and blue sharks. Read Full Post »
In fact, the people who put nutritious and affordable tuna in America’s lunch bags and on dinner tables have been improving the way tuna is found, caught, and kept viable for generations to come. That unheralded success has taken many years of continuous innovation and effort that will surely continue.
Consider the challenge. You are on a small boat in an ocean twice the size of Canada. In that ocean you are looking for only two species of tuna (skipjack and albacore) that roam for thousands of miles. How do you find and catch those fish and little else?
Random nets strewn about would catch everything. A fishing pole in the open ocean would catch next to nothing. Experience teaches us that migratory fish like tuna are attracted to floating objects like tree branches or logs in what is an otherwise featureless aquatic wilderness. These floating objects are known by the technical term Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs), and they make fishing for tuna more efficient. Remarkably, innovations like FADs help keep bycatch — fish caught other than tuna — to less than 5 percent of the total catch.
But no one fishing method is perfect by itself. That’s why tuna fishermen use a variety of gear. As the methods improve, the mix of gear changes. This has been true for years. And as anyone who has dropped a line in the water knows, there is no one method that is 100-percent free of bycatch.
Greenpeace’s Jeffrey Hollander also says that it is becoming harder “to hide from the reality of what is happening to our oceans.”
That’s true… and that’s good news.
What’s happening in our oceans is that fish populations once thought to be on the brink are coming back. And those still facing challenges have sustainability oversight in place. Albacore and skipjack tuna stocks are healthy and thriving. And because of FADs, tuna bycatch rates have never been lower, which means tuna fishermen can better avoid catching other species of fish or sea turtles.
Greenpeace’s says it wants tuna to be caught only with a fishing pole and line, or with no FADs — in other words, with no modern fishing techniques. Think about how that might work in practice. You’d need a lot more boats covering a lot more ocean in search of tuna that could be almost anywhere. That means more engines burning more fuel for more time, enough bait to decimate stocks of bait fish, and a massive new carbon footprint.
If, in reality, this approach is such a bad idea, why does Greenpeace talk about it incessantly? The reason is simple: Greenpeace needs something to talk about.
Notice how they don’t talk about dolphins anymore. Why? Because innovations in tuna fishing like FADs made canned tuna dolphin-free decades ago.
No, the best problem for Greenpeace to attack is one that features an attractive animal and an impossible solution. That way they can raise money for years to come and never actually solve the rhetorical “crisis” they created.
Followed to their logical ends, Greenpeace’s solutions would put companies out of business, and perhaps that’s the goal. But it’s not a sustainable one for Greenpeace, because without the big bad companies to rail against, supporters won’t write checks. So, look for Greenpeace to continue its full-blooded fundraising effort via a half-hearted sustainability campaign.
Gavin Gibbons is the director of media relations for the National Fisheries Institute, the nation’s largest seafood trade association. As NFI’s spokesman, he has been featured in everything from the Washington Post to USA Today and has been the voice of fisheries issues on CNN, NPR, and the Fox Business Network. He is also a featured blogger for AboutSeafood.com andSeafoodSource.com.
On the surface it is easy to regard campaigns by the global environmental activist group Greenpeace as amusingly irreverent or, as PR Week, the trade magazine for public relations professionals, described one such recent attack against the toymaker Mattel, “compelling.” But if any news outlets would ever take a hard, scrutinizing look inside Greenpeace’s media relations tactics, they’d find a method rife with irresponsible harassment, inaccurate claims, and wildly unrealistic demands.
It turns out, for instance, that the broadside against Mattel was based entirely on Greenpeace’s misrepresentation of lab results that the activists claimed “show that packaging used by leading toy brands regularly contains Indonesian rainforest fibre.” But following that Greenpeace declaration and the fawning media coverage that resulted, the very lab that Greenpeace had enlisted denounced them as frauds. “We have not and are unable to identify country of origin of the samples,” the CEO of Integrated Paper Services, Bruce R. Shafer, said publicly. “We are unable to comment on the credibility of the statements Greenpeace has made regarding country of origin.”
The company that sourced the paper materials to Mattel, Asia Pulp & Paper, went even further, pointing out that some 95 percent of the packaging materials came from recycled paper and that the remaining 5 percent is sourced from environmentally certified forests around the world. So, not only was the paper environmentally upstanding, Greenpeace’s PR effort was, as AP&P put it, “completely unsubstantiated and false.”
A similar sort of attack by Greenpeace is currently underway against America’s most well-known canned tuna brands, each members of our trade association. Greenpeace is demanding, bizarrely, that all tuna be caught one at a time with a fishing pole. Seriously. Greenpeace has no answer for what this would cost consumers or the fuel, boats, and labor needed to pursue this antiquated method, one that could never hope to meet global demand.
And although Greenpeace insists it wants a “serious dialogue” on tuna sustainability, here are just some of the outlandish tactics they have been using:
● Posting online videos of violent and sexualized caricatures of the tuna companies’ cartoon mascots, all of which can be readily viewed by children.
● Manipulating unwitting people on street corners to place harassing, scripted phone calls to company switchboards.
● Dressing up a staffer in a plushy shark costume to accost parents and children in supermarket parking lots to tell them that “Nemo” may be killed.
● Encouraging their Facebook followers to place scripted robocalls to tuna companies, many of which include accusations of “rape,” “thievery,” “piracy” and assorted other threats.
Apparently that’s what passes for clever PR thinking at Greenpeace these days. But these are hardly exceptions. Recent campaigns of theirs against other companies have depicted popular children’s characters decapitating a tiger with a chainsaw, shooting a caged polar bear in the head, or having costumed children blown up from space by a “Volkswagen Death Star.”
But the tuna companies are taking a stand on principle. Along with conservationists like WWF and established governing bodies, we are taking part in the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation to protect the long-term viability of the world’s fisheries. Greenpeace, unsurprisingly, has refused a seat at the table.
That’s likely because causing immediate — and well-publicized — commercial harm to the companies they target is their real objective. That’s what gets them media attention, which translates into financial donations. Presumably it also strikes anxiety into future targets of Greenpeace bullying which, like the toymakers, are more likely to cave quickly than confront the accusations, no matter how patently false.
In the same issue in which Greenpeace’s destructive Mattel campaign was praised, PR Week editor Steve Barrett urges that “engagement, trust, and authenticity” ought to be core values, especially in “cause-related” activities. Readers might wonder when the magazine, or any other enterprising journalist for that matter, will apply those standards of examination to Greenpeace for a change.
But when we pointed out to Barrett that Greenpeace falsified lab results in the attack on Mattel — according to the very lab Greenpeace had hired — thereby deceiving the public (and, by extension, his own readers), Barrett was untroubled. “You can’t hide the fact that it got bucket loads of coverage — i.e., objective achieved for GP,” he wrote to us. “We don’t take moral/ethical/political stances … on the PR activities of campaigning groups.”
I somehow doubt the companies being fraudulently targeted would agree. But here’s another important public relations principle that we would encourage our fellow communicators to consider: Don’t let anyone stand between you and your customers with a threat.
For our part, we intend to speak directly to consumers about the ways in which self-interested, radical activist groups are co-opting the press in order to mislead the public about one of the most environmentally sound sources of protein and essential nutrients on the market. So far, it’s been going well. The feedback we’ve received from ordinary consumers indicates they are keenly aware how Greenpeace distorts the record and they know better than to listen to people who lurk in parking lots ranting at people. That anecdotal analysis is backed by a core piece of research: We know of no measurement showing that Greenpeace has the slightest impact on seafood sales.
Gavin Gibbons is the director of media relations for the National Fisheries Institute.
Greenpeace USA’s letter to the editor in the Wall Street Journal suggests the U.S. and global tuna processors are not aligned on sustainability goals and takes credit for European processors’ commitment to reduce bycatch using FAD free, pole and line or any other sourcing method that has bycatch rates comparable to purse seine fishing on free swimming schools.
The International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF) has said that through the work it is leading to reduce bycatch in tuna purse seine fisheries, the amount of discarded bycatch in purse seine fisheries on floating objects will be reduced by 50% by 2015.
What Greenpeace doesn’t tell you is that most of these commitments, whether made by individual companies or by ISSF, are virtually identical including the timing for achieving them.
The fact remains Greenpeace devotes zero dollars to tuna sustainability research or bycatch mitigation efforts. Greenpeace continues to reject offers to actually participate in sustainability work as part of the ISSF’s Environmental Stakeholder Committee. And Greenpeace continues to raise money for itself off its contrived plight of the tuna campaign. These are all points publically made in the Wall Street Journal Op Ed published on November 8th.
Greenpeace has not only lost its way as an organization, it has lost its ability to see past the choir to whom it so often preaches, before passing the hat to raise a few more bucks. In its letter, Greenpeace insists its tuna campaign is addressing a growing popular concern. Reading the comments string that follows its letter and the comment string that follows the Op Ed of November 8th reveals not only no such popular concern but sound and directed criticism of Greenpeace.